By Krisztin Ungvry
Conflict for Budapest: a hundred days in international struggle II КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: I.B.Tauris & Co LtdАвтор(ы): Krisztan UngvaryЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2003Количество страниц: 385ISBN: 1-86064-727-8Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 15,5 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Extra info for Battle for Budapest: 100 days in World War II
63 The Germans had already sent substantial reinforcements to Transdanubia, with the intention of regaining the lost territories and creating a solid battle line along the Danube which could be held with a smaller combat strength. Guderian’s ultimate reason for so doing was to save troops, for he had always regarded Hungary as a secondary theatre of war. The German units concerned were three panzer battalions, the 4th 26 B AT T L E F O R B U D A P E S T Cavalry Brigade and the 3rd, 6th and 8th Panzer Divisions, in total numbering some 400 tanks and 40,000 men.
As the firing abated, some had peeped out and seen Russian bodies flying through the air and Russians in panic trying to dig themselves in. 33 Tassonyi received the First and Second Class Iron Crosses and a copy of the German Wehrmacht report praising him and his paratroopers. 34 Although the Soviet troops had crossed the Tisza at every point, they were unable to prevent the Germans from stabilising the front and establishing 14 B AT T L E F O R B U D A P E S T a coherent battle line by constantly regrouping their remaining forces and carrying out successive counter-strikes.
Malinovsky ordered the 46th Army to cross the Danube near Ercsi, a village on the west bank close to the southern edge of Budapest, on 4 December 1944. The defenders had been reinforcing their positions for days in anticipation of the attack, which finally began without any artillery preparation, at 11pm. 43 The following episode exemplifies the scale of the casualties: Towards midnight on 4 December Sergeant Smirnov’s pontoon was transporting an assault squad and two guns to the right bank of the Danube.