By Bernard Morrill
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics
T h e units for cv and cp are B T U / lbm°R. 13ft /lbm 1-15 CARNOT CYCLE T h e a c c e p t a n c e of the concept of reversibility allows us to construct (mentally) an engine which follows four reversible processes cyclically as is shown on the p-V plane, Fig. 13. T h e piston e x p a n d s reversibly from state 1 to state 2 at a constant t e m p e r a t u r e Τλ. T h e engine piston continues to expand isentropically from state 2 to state 3. C o m p r e s s i o n starts V Fig. 13 Carnot cycle.
40) is compressed adiabatically from3 15 psia and 10 ft to 5 ft . The air is then expanded at constant pressure to 10 ft . Finally, it is cooled at constant volume until the initial conditions are restored. Calculate: (a) The change of internal energy during each of three processes. (b) The net heat and the net work transferred to or from the system during the cycle.
17) 52 First Law of Thermodynamics T h e w o r k equations for capacitors can be used for mechanical springs. 20) It must be r e m e m b e r e d that springs connected in series are analogous to capacitances arranged in parallel and springs in parallel to capacitances in series. T h e evolving of the w o r k relationship for springs is left to the student for an exercise. (c) Work Due to Inductance and Resistance T h e energy n e c e s s a r y or the w o r k d o n e to m o v e an electric charge is T h e magnetic flux due to the moving electric charge is defined as φ and Eq.