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By Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, Kathy Esson

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Additional resources for A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Economies

Sample text

Increases in numbers of deaths at different ages in this calculation, therefore, are due to larger populations at risk. Figure 10 illustrates cumulative CVD deaths from 2000 to 2030 for all countries disaggregated by age group. For all countries, the greatest cumulative proportion of CVD deaths will occur in those aged 65 and over, ranging from 59% in South Africa to 91% in Portugal. However, what is perhaps most striking is the comparative cumulative CVD death percentage for those between 35 and 64.

1) for CVD in South African workforce aged 36-65 on a current and inflation-adjusted basis. Source: World Development Indicators 2003 (31), CASE Survey of Disability for the South African Department of Health (61) As developing countries grow wealthier and want to do more for their people, disability payments will increase and become an increasing budgetary burden. D-4. Direct health care costs Several studies in the industrialized world have attempted to estimate the direct health care costs of CVD and its clinically expressed risk factors.

5 billion in 2040. By 2040, the number of working aged people in less-developed countries will be more than five times the number in more-developed countries, and the number of working age people in least-developed countries will approach the number in moredeveloped countries. Figure 2: Projected change in the population aged 35-64 from 1980 to 2040 in more-, less- and least-developed countries. Source: United Nations Population Division. (32) Turning to the five study and two comparator countries, World Bank figures indicate that population changes will vary across the five study countries in the next forty years.

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