Download A History of Medieval Heresy and Inquisition by Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane PDF

By Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane

In this concise and balanced survey of heresy and inquisition within the center a while, Jennifer Kolpacoff Deane explores the more and more sour encounters among piety, reform, dissent, and the institutional Church among 1100 and 1500. even if the loaded phrases of ''heresy'' and ''orthodoxy'' hired by means of ecclesiastical officers recommend a transparent department among correct and unsuitable, that department used to be actually vigorously contested by means of medieval humans in any respect degrees of society. Deane investigates key concerns that sparked confrontations among Christians, together with entry to scripture, apostolic versions of poverty and preaching, the Eucharist and sacramental strength, and clerical corruption and wealth. She strains the capability through which Church elites constructed an more and more complicated set of inquisitorial techniques and assets to spot, label, and repress ''heresy,'' examines many of the nearby eruptions of such confrontations throughout medieval Europe, and considers the judicial strategies that introduced many to the stake. The publication levels from the ''Good Christians'' of Languedoc and Lombardy and the pan-European ''Poor,'' to religious Franciscans, lay non secular girls, anticlerical and vernacular activities in England and Bohemia, mysticism, magical practices, and witchcraft. all through, Deane considers how the recent inquisitorial bureaucracies not just fueled anxiousness over heresy, yet truly generated fictional ''heresies'' via their very own texts and methods. Incorporating fresh examine and debates within the box, her research brings to existence a compelling factor that profoundly motivated the medieval world.

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It is from Eckbert’s letter and Hildegard’s sermon that we first run across a specific, pejorative name for heretics that would echo for centuries through inquisitorial and historical records: Cathar. The origins of the term are unclear, perhaps deriving from the Greek word katharos (meaning “pure”) or, less plausibly, the German Katze (cat; long associated in Europe with sin, sexual perversion, and witchery). Whatever its origin, the term became a staple in the language of orthodox opponents and was repeated by myriad clerical observers throughout the Middle Ages.

To trace changes over time and variety across regions, the following investigates the origins of early dissenting ideas, the nature of dualist belief and practice in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and the significance of social/political networks for the growth of heresy. The development of new inquisitorial institutions and procedures after 1229 and their consequence for the Good Christians is the subject of chapter 3. ORIGINS OF WESTERN DUALISM Religious dualism, as the name suggests, is rooted in opposition and the division of all things into one of two camps: light or dark, good or evil, spiritual or material.

Indb 22 11/9/10 2:10 PM Introduction 23 disc into God. ”13 The transformation of grain and grape into body and blood, the mystery of the incarnate Word, and the other astonishing joinings of heaven and earth in Christendom represent a pulsing spiritual vein linking the men and women of fortified towns of southern France, urban Rhineland, Alpine villages, Bohemian towns, the English countryside, and beyond. Such connections were not limited to sacred places, objects, or rituals but could also cohere within individual people modeled on Christ’s own divine materiality.

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