Download A Guide to Physics Problems: Part 2: Thermodynamics, by Sidney B. Cahn, Gerald D. Mahan, Boris E. Nadgorny, Max PDF

By Sidney B. Cahn, Gerald D. Mahan, Boris E. Nadgorny, Max Dresden

A consultant to Physics difficulties is a two-volume set of difficulties taken from Ph.D. qualifying tests. half 2 -- the better half to half 1: Mechanics, Relativity, and Electrodynamics (Plenum 1994) -- good points 182 demanding issues of distinct recommendations, textbook references, transparent illustrations, and an easy-to-use format.

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Additional info for A Guide to Physics Problems: Part 2: Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics

Example text

53 Critical Parameters (Stony Brook) Consider a system described by the Dietrici equation of state where A, B, R are constants and P, V, and are the pressure, volume, temperature, and number of moles. , the values of P, V, and at the critical point. 54 Entropy of Mixing (Michigan, MIT) a) A 2-L container is divided in half: One half contains oxygen at 1 atm, the other nitrogen at the same pressure, and both gases may be considered ideal. The system is in an adiabatic enclosure at a temperature K.

55 Leaky Balloon (Moscow Phys-Tech) Sometimes helium gas in a low-temperature physics lab is kept temporarily in a large rubber bag at essentially atmospheric pressure. A physicist left a 40-L bag filled with He floating near the ceiling before leaving on vacation. When she returned, all the helium was gone (diffused through the walls of the bag). Find the entropy change of the gas. Assume that the atmospheric helium concentration is approximately . What is the minimum work needed to collect the helium back into the bag?

Assume that the atmospheric helium concentration is approximately . What is the minimum work needed to collect the helium back into the bag? 56 Osmotic Pressure (MIT) Consider an ideal mixture of monatomic molecules of type A and monatomic molecules of type B in a volume V. TLFeBOOK THERMODYNAMICS AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS 29 a) Calculate the free energy Calculate the Gibbs potential G is the Legendre transform of F with respect to V. b) If the molecules of type A are called the solvent, and those of type B the solute.

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